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Learning cycle “Management advice for VSB (Very Small Business)”
Agrisud International continuously strives to help strengthen the NGO response capabilities, associations, professional groups, but also those of its own teams. Transfers of know-how can take place through the implementation of "learning cycles".
From the guide "Managing Advice for family farm VSB" (Agrisud, 2015), this cycle is for local advisors assisting farmers or professional agricultural organizations. It is based on the transfer of methodologies and tools:
- to know advice's overall approach and its variations
- to know basic agro-economic concepts
- to identify performance indicators (VSB) and environment's key information
- to understand data collection and processing tools related to VSB results and environment development
- to be able to realize an analysis of VSB results taking into account the environment
- to be able to advise a VSB (sharing observations and follow-up)
Expected results:17 attendees Budget :€15,000 in 2015 Funding :European Union, Orange, LSDH, Agrisud Project management :Agrisud Partnerships :Orange
Holistic conservation program (PHCF – Phase II) — Comatsa and Beampingaratsy areas
Madagascar has a great biodiversity but its natural capital is threatened by deforestation, about 0,53% per year. 50,000 hectares of its natural forest disappears every year.
The aim of the Holistic conservation program (or PHCF in French) is to reduce the rhythm of deforestation.
For this purpose it uses two strategies: on one hand, it raises the awareness of local populations on the decentralized management of environment and on the other hand, it promotes activities and alternative techniques rather than slash-and-burn farming and collecting forest resources.
Expected results:1.350 VSB (Very Small Businesses) - Support for populations neighboring two REDD+ projects (Reduction of Emissions from Deforestation and Degradation of Forests) to develop alternative activities and practices to slash- and-burn farming Budget :€1,230,000 over 2014-2018 Funding :The French Agency for Development (AFD) – FFEM and Air France Project management :Etc Terra (contracting authority and leader) and Agrisud. Partnerships :WWF, Antananarivo University.
Management of Zambazamba’s watershed’s integrated water resources
In Madagascar, even if the Water Code stipulates that clean drinking water is a priority compared to agricultural water, it is however the opposite that happens to ensure rice production and food security.
Because of these tensions over the use of water, the project aims to reduce the impact of farming, forestry and pastoral activities on the water resource in the Nasandratrony commune, specifically in Zambazamba’s watershed.
It will be the source of drinking water for the district’s main town.
Expected results:50 VSB (Very Small Businesses) - A protected watershed; more water upstream and an economic use of water resources downstream through the spread of an intensive and improved rice system concerning 50 farmers. Measurement of the impact of agricultural practices on water. Budget :€42,000 over 2014-2016. Funding :The French Water Agency of Rhône-Méditerrannée-Corse, Madagascar’s French Embassy and The Grand Lyon Project management :Etc Terra (leader) and Agrisud. Partnerships :Grand Lyon, Haute Matsiatra Region
Support to income-generating activities – Hauts-Plateaux
De nombreuses organisations locales contribuent au développement Agricole à Madagascar. Elles se caractérisent par une grande hétérogénéité en termes d’échelles d’intervention, de cibles, de secteurs d’activité, et de professionnalisme.
Le projet propose une démarche de renforcement individualisé de 60 organisations (ONG, coopératives, Associations de producteurs), afin qu’elles disposent à la fois de bases de gouvernances solides, de méthodes et techniques d’intervention pertinents, et d’une reconnaissance de leurs capacités d’intervention.
Expected results:60 Malagasy organizations reinforced in order to promote and support income-generating activities in rural areas Budget :€604,000 over 2012-2016 Funding :European Union, Agrisud, CITE, Caritas, CEAS Project management :Agrisud. Partnerships :CITE.
Agroforestry and forestry farming systems — Itasy region
The farming areas of the Itasy Region are located in the Central Highlands, near Antananarivo, the Capital city. They are significantly deteriorated: erosions are frequent and forests are disappearing.
The Region’s farmers’ production systems are declining; therefore the project’s aim is to follow their evolution so they can be sustainable and last in time. It should also estimate the impact of implemented agroecological and forestry practices on climate change.
Expected results:1,200 agricultural VSB (Very Small Businesses) supported, carbon footprint evaluation. Budget :€1,009,000 over 2011-2016. Funding :AFD (Agence Française de Développement), Stars Services and Aquitaine’s Regional Council. Project management :GoodPlanet Foundation, Etc Terra and Agrisud Partnerships :Etc Terra, AMADESE (Malagasy Association for the Economic, Social and Environmental Development), IRD-LRI and IOGA (Antananarivo’s Institute and Observatory of Geophysics).
Evaluation of the farms’ carbon footprint in the Itasy project
If small family farms adopt agroecology it could be a real solution to lower the agricultural carbon footprint. However, the workings of the agricultural systems are complex and there is a lack of reference when considering specific emission standards in Madagascar, therefore, it is difficult to measure specifically environmental advantages.
The project’s goal is to set up a method to evaluate the farms’ carbon footprint. It will identify the emission standards specific to the Region’s agricultural system.
Expected results:Measurement of the carbon footprint of the different farming models proposed in the Itasy project Budget :€24,000 over 2010-2012. Funding :Veolia Environnement. Project management :Agrisud. Partnerships :Veolia Environment, IRD - Institute of Research for Development, UMR Eco&Sol, LRI – Laboratory of Radioisotopes from Antananarivo’s University, GoodPlanet – and Etc Terra.
Professionalizing agriculture — Itasy region
The Itasy Region, close to Antananarivo, has a great farming potential but the production is still limited and threatened by the farmers’ low technical and management skills and also by a natural fragile environment.
Thanks to the project, 2000 farmers are receiving technical and economical reinforcement in order to professionalize their activities in production, management and marketing.
Expected results:2,000 agricultural VSB (Very Small Businesses) supported in 10 municipalities, one training center created. Budget :€773,000 over 2008-2016 Funding :Aquitaine’s Regional Council, Foundation Enterprise and Solidarity, FIDA ( International Fund for Agricultural Development) and Agrisud Project management :Agrisud. Partnerships :Ilofosana.
Learning cycle promoting agroecological practices
Agrisud has a constant focus on boosting the action capacities of NGOs, organizations, professional groups, and also those of its own projects’ teams. Transfers of skills are made via « learning cycles ».
Promoting agroecological practices
Based on the “Agroecology in Practice” guide (Agrisud, 2010), this course helps participants learn these practices. It is based on transferring methods and tools to:
- Understand agroecology and its economic, social and environmental dimensions;
- Understand the sustainable management of a farming system;
- Analyze the context of operation and identify the appropriate agroecological practices;
- Be able to spread these practices.
Expected results:195 participants, from 83 organizations coming from 5 different regions of Madagascar, trained to good agroecological practices. Budget :€100,000 over 2008-2013. Funding :the Aquitaine Region, Stars Service, Veolia and the European Union. Project management :Agrisud. Partnerships :the involved NGOs.