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Kolorano Program: Integrated Water Resources Management (IWRM) / Phase 2 – Haute-Matsiatra
In order not to compromise the investments made in terms of drinking water distribution system by the various projects implemented within the framework of the cooperation between the Metropolis of Lyon and the Haute-Matsiatra Region, the multi-actor approach to IWRM* should prevent / reduce conflicts of use and contribute to achieve the overall objective of the Kolorano program: balancing water security and food security of populations on watersheds of intervention.
The encouraging results of the pilot project in the Zambazamba watershed (2014-2016) led to the continuation of supporting it and to replicate the IWRM approach in 9 new watersheds in the Haute Matsiatra region.
The implementation of Kolorano program’s activities is organized around five areas of intervention:
- Improve municipal governance in agricultural and forestry management;
- Development of watershed management schemes;
- Protect water resources upstream from catchments;
- Improve the productivity of water downstream of the catchments;
- Measure the impact of the program.
*Integrated Water Resources Management
Expected results:230 VSB including a network of 55 master farmers (MF) - Implementation of 10 watershed management schemes - Watershed protection and increase of water resources upstream of the sources: 200 ha of forest development and implementation of a communal nurseries network - Economical use of water resources downstream from sources: diffusion of Enhanced Rice Systems (ESR) or Intensive (IRS) - 125 ha of agroforestry development - Impact of agricultural practices on water dynamics and erosion measures. Budget :€ 335,000 over 2016-2019 Funding :Wather Agency Rhône-Méditerranée-Corse, Metroplis of Lyon Project management :Agrisud, Etc Terra Partnerships :Metroplis of Lyon, Haute-Matsiatra Region
Peri-urban farming supplybchain professionalization — Northern Antananarivo
This project falls in line with previous projects, which have been led by Agrisud since 2008 in Antananarivo’s suburbs. They highlighted the importance of periurban agriculture, supplying food for Antananarivo and creating jobs and income. They identified a great potential for the development of systems, assets but also technical, economic, structural and environmental constraints specific to this sector. On the other hand, the Malagasy Intercooperation Association (AIM) collaborated with the economic actors of the Analamanga Region, as part of the establishment of Agricultural Service Centers (2008-2010), and the Regional Fund for Agricultural Development (2011-2013). The two organizations share their knowledge, skills and know-how in order to develop and implement the project.
The overall goals are to sustainably contribute to the fight against poverty in the city’s suburbs and to protect the environment.
The specific goals are to sustainably improve the periurban producers’ and traders’ income as well as the people's access to a regular supply (in quantity, quality and diversity) in fresh produces, fruits and farm chickens, sold on the local markets.
Three complementary lines of action will improve the supply of the city’s markets, in a chain-based approach:
- Professionalization of the production: through the dissemination of agro-ecological systems and practices to ensure an improvement in production: in quantity (increasing productivity and ecological intensification systems); in quality (improving the products’ life span, reducing the pesticide residues, organoleptic quality), in diversity (diversification within highly specialized production areas) and in regularity (seasonal adjustment of production by the use of varieties and appropriate methods: varieties adapted to photoperiod, tolerant / resistant, protected crops ...)
- Professionalization of marketing; i) by supporting the local project management in regard to infrastructure and / or organizing peripheral markets (Talatamaty, Anosizato, Sabotsy-Namehana...), ii) by professionalizing pro-active collectors on short supply chains. The most favored supply chains will ensure the maintenance of the periurban production: freshness, traceability, reduction of losses (less handling, improved packaging and transport conditions);
- Building and developing a range of services supported by Producers’ Organizations (PO): the challenge is to facilitate the producer’s access to agricultural services and markets. The action builds the capacity of PO in order to meet these expectations i) the diagnosis of producers’ needs in connection with the system of production and marketing systems, ii) the capacity building and structuring of groups of farmers and producers, iii) the professionalization of PO (Consolidating their operation, governing and strengthening their technical capacity to provide quality services and meet the producers’ expectations).
Expected results:5,000 periurban producers around Antananarivo Budget :€1,739,000 over 2015-2018 Funding :European Union, Champagnes Ardennes Region, Agrisud Project management :Agrisud Partnerships :AIM (Association Intercoopérations Madagascar), CIRAD and MPE
Learning cycle “Management advice for VSB (Very Small Business)”
Agrisud International continuously strives to help strengthen the NGO response capabilities, associations, professional groups, but also those of its own teams. Transfers of know-how can take place through the implementation of "learning cycles".
From the guide "Managing Advice for family farm VSB" (Agrisud, 2015), this cycle is for local advisors assisting farmers or professional agricultural organizations. It is based on the transfer of methodologies and tools:
- to know advice's overall approach and its variations
- to know basic agro-economic concepts
- to identify performance indicators (VSB) and environment's key information
- to understand data collection and processing tools related to VSB results and environment development
- to be able to realize an analysis of VSB results taking into account the environment
- to be able to advise a VSB (sharing observations and follow-up)
Expected results:17 attendees Budget :€15,000 in 2015 Funding :European Union, Orange, LSDH, Agrisud Project management :Agrisud Partnerships :Orange
Holistic conservation program (PHCF – Phase II) — Comatsa and Beampingaratsi areas
Madagascar has a great biodiversity but its natural capital is threatened by deforestation, about 0,53% per year. 50,000 hectares of its natural forest disappears every year.
The aim of the Holistic conservation program (or PHCF in French) is to reduce the rhythm of deforestation.
For this purpose it uses two strategies: on one hand, it raises the awareness of local populations on the decentralized management of environment and on the other hand, it promotes activities and alternative techniques rather than slash-and-burn farming and collecting forest resources.
Expected results:1.350 VSB (Very Small Businesses) - Support for populations neighboring two REDD+ projects (Reduction of Emissions from Deforestation and Degradation of Forests) to develop alternative activities and practices to slash- and-burn farming Budget :€1,230,000 over 2014-2018 Funding :The French Agency for Development (AFD) – FFEM and Air France Project management :Etc Terra (contracting authority and leader) and Agrisud. Partnerships :WWF, Antananarivo University.
Management of Zambazamba’s watershed’s integrated water resources
In Madagascar, even if the Water Code stipulates that clean drinking water is a priority compared to agricultural water, it is however the opposite that happens to ensure rice production and food security.
Because of these tensions over the use of water, the project aims to reduce the impact of farming, forestry and pastoral activities on the water resource in the Nasandratrony commune, specifically in Zambazamba’s watershed.
It will be the source of drinking water for the district’s main town.
Expected results:50 VSB (Very Small Businesses) - A protected watershed; more water upstream and an economic use of water resources downstream through the spread of an intensive and improved rice system concerning 50 farmers. Measurement of the impact of agricultural practices on water. Budget :€42,000 over 2014-2016. Funding :The French Water Agency of Rhône-Méditerrannée-Corse, Madagascar’s French Embassy and The Grand Lyon Project management :Etc Terra (leader) and Agrisud. Partnerships :Grand Lyon, Haute Matsiatra Region
Support to income-generating activities – Hauts-Plateaux
De nombreuses organisations locales contribuent au développement Agricole à Madagascar. Elles se caractérisent par une grande hétérogénéité en termes d’échelles d’intervention, de cibles, de secteurs d’activité, et de professionnalisme.
Le projet propose une démarche de renforcement individualisé de 60 organisations (ONG, coopératives, Associations de producteurs), afin qu’elles disposent à la fois de bases de gouvernances solides, de méthodes et techniques d’intervention pertinents, et d’une reconnaissance de leurs capacités d’intervention.
Expected results:60 Malagasy organizations reinforced in order to promote and support income-generating activities in rural areas Budget :€604,000 over 2012-2016 Funding :European Union, Agrisud, CITE, Caritas, CEAS Project management :Agrisud. Partnerships :CITE.
Agroforestry and forestry farming systems — Itasy region
The farming areas of the Itasy Region are located in the Central Highlands, near Antananarivo, the Capital city. They are significantly deteriorated: erosions are frequent and forests are disappearing.
The Region’s farmers’ production systems are declining; therefore the project’s aim is to follow their evolution so they can be sustainable and last in time. It should also estimate the impact of implemented agroecological and forestry practices on climate change.
Expected results:1,200 agricultural VSB (Very Small Businesses) supported, carbon footprint evaluation. Budget :€1,009,000 over 2011-2016. Funding :AFD (Agence Française de Développement), Stars Services and Aquitaine’s Regional Council. Project management :GoodPlanet Foundation, Etc Terra and Agrisud Partnerships :Etc Terra, AMADESE (Malagasy Association for the Economic, Social and Environmental Development), IRD-LRI and IOGA (Antananarivo’s Institute and Observatory of Geophysics).
Evaluation of the farms’ carbon footprint in the Itasy project
If small family farms adopt agroecology it could be a real solution to lower the agricultural carbon footprint. However, the workings of the agricultural systems are complex and there is a lack of reference when considering specific emission standards in Madagascar, therefore, it is difficult to measure specifically environmental advantages.
The project’s goal is to set up a method to evaluate the farms’ carbon footprint. It will identify the emission standards specific to the Region’s agricultural system.
Expected results:Measurement of the carbon footprint of the different farming models proposed in the Itasy project Budget :€24,000 over 2010-2012. Funding :Veolia Environnement. Project management :Agrisud. Partnerships :Veolia Environment, IRD - Institute of Research for Development, UMR Eco&Sol, LRI – Laboratory of Radioisotopes from Antananarivo’s University, GoodPlanet – and Etc Terra.
Professionalizing agriculture — Itasy region
The Itasy Region, close to Antananarivo, has a great farming potential but the production is still limited and threatened by the farmers’ low technical and management skills and also by a natural fragile environment.
Thanks to the project, 2000 farmers are receiving technical and economical reinforcement in order to professionalize their activities in production, management and marketing.
Expected results:2,000 agricultural VSB (Very Small Businesses) supported in 10 municipalities, one training center created. Budget :€773,000 over 2008-2016 Funding :Aquitaine’s Regional Council, Foundation Enterprise and Solidarity, FIDA ( International Fund for Agricultural Development) and Agrisud Project management :Agrisud. Partnerships :Ilofosana.
Learning cycle promoting agroecological practices
Agrisud has a constant focus on boosting the action capacities of NGOs, organizations, professional groups, and also those of its own projects’ teams. Transfers of skills are made via « learning cycles ».
Promoting agroecological practices
Based on the “Agroecology in Practice” guide (Agrisud, 2010), this course helps participants learn these practices. It is based on transferring methods and tools to:
- Understand agroecology and its economic, social and environmental dimensions;
- Understand the sustainable management of a farming system;
- Analyze the context of operation and identify the appropriate agroecological practices;
- Be able to spread these practices.
Expected results:195 participants, from 83 organizations coming from 5 different regions of Madagascar, trained to good agroecological practices. Budget :€100,000 over 2008-2013. Funding :the Aquitaine Region, Stars Service, Veolia and the European Union. Project management :Agrisud. Partnerships :the involved NGOs.