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ANAMAY Initiative: Waste management in rural areas – Viengkham District
In Laos, solid waste management is a growing problem in both urban and rural areas. Solid waste is increasingly made up of plastic and especially thermoplastics (polyethylene bags, bottles, etc.), mainly from the food industry, and purchased by households in small village grocery stores that only offer products in small containers.
While the government and development partners are paying more and more attention to improving waste management in urban and peri-urban areas, rural areas are being neglected because they are considered less waste-producing. However, the proliferation of plastics also affects rural communities in terms of health and pollution of natural resources, as they do not have any management and recycling infrastructure.
In many villages, people dump their garbage in rivers or ravines polluting and contaminating water resources. Others burn them near fireplaces without protecting themselves from the toxic fumes they give off. The soils near the villages are strewn with plastic waste which will take more than 400 years to decompose, leaving a thorny problem to be solved for future generations.
Viengkham District: an experimental laboratory
As part of the "ANAMAY Initiative" project, the entire village population of 11 target villages in the Viengkham District (Province of Luang Prabang), that is to say 970 households (5,761 people, including 2,884 women) will be directly concerned by actions aimed at reducing the production of plastic waste, through the realization of awareness sessions in villages and schools, the establishment of a supply network for products sold in bulk and in recyclable containers, as well as the implementation of garbage management plans with village development committees as part of their local development plans.
Around 1,700 students from 16 schools (11 primary schools and 6 colleges) will also be affected thanks to an adaptation of the program for young people and school micro-projects to be set up for better waste management in their schools and villages.
Expected results :
- Result 1: An awareness and information program adapted to communities
- Result 2: An awareness and action program adapted to the school public is built and implemented with teachers and the district education office
- Result 3: The conditions are met for the establishment of a bulk product sales network in the target villages
- Result 4: Each target village implements its sanitation plan for better management of household waste by the communities
- Result 5: The feedback from experiences in the Viengkham District and on the projects of other partners are capitalized and available to all
- Result 6: The Initiative is promoted and implemented on a larger scale by all the partners concerned
Expected results:11 targeted-villages in Viengkham District (Luang Prabang Province), 970 families (5,761 people, including 2,884 women) Budget :150,700 € over 24 months (beginning in August 2020) Funding :Mairie de Paris and Agence Française de Développement (AFD) Project management :Agrisud International Partnerships :The Viengkham District Environment and Natural Resources Office; the District Education and Sports Office; the local civil society association Xhon Phao Disabled Working Group.
Forestry and agroecology in mountainous area of Northern Laos (FORAE II) – Luang Prabang Province
The FORAE II project is part of the AGRITER multi-country program. It supports 30 villages of the District of Viengkham: 20 target villages of FORAE I - including 6 model villages and 10 new villages.
The project's objectives :
General objective: Strengthen the economic and social dynamics carried by the actors of the territories to promote sustainable family farming.
Specific objectives :
Strengthen regional players and create the conditions for sustainable development.
Support the agroecological transition of family farming and the structuring of value chains.
Carry out environmental education actions for the sustainable preservation of the territory.
Learn more about the AGRITER program.
Expected results:460 VSE Budget :€346,000 over 2018-2020 Funding :AFD (French Development Agency), Swiss Philanthropy Foundation, Ensemble Foundation, France Volontaires Project management :Agrisud Partnerships :GCDA, Lao Women Union, PAFO, DAFO, District of Viengkham
Community engagement and livelyhood protection – District Nakai, Nam Theun
Nakai-Nam Theun is the second largest protected area in Laos for its biological and cultural diversity. The ethnic groups who live there depend largely on the natural resources there for their daily subsistence.
A study was carried out to assess, among other things, the impact of development and conservation actions implemented for more than 10 years by the National Park Management Office. Agrisud participated in the development, implementation and writing of this study, in collaboration with the Livelihood team of the Wildlife Conservation Association and the teams of decentralized offices in the Districts of Nakai, Gnommalath and Khamkert, in the Province of Khammouane .
Funded by the World Bank, it is part of the sub-project "Capacity building of the National Park Management Office to effectively manage the watershed of the protected area". This study made it possible to carry out an agrarian diagnosis, to inventory the natural resources used by the villagers, as well as to identify the shortcomings of past actions and current needs in order to implement priority actions to improve the standard of living. about 7,500 people living in and around the Nakai-Nam Theun protected area.
Expected results:Development of agricultural and income-generating activities in 6 villages of Nakaï District, Khammouane Province Budget :€90,000 over 2017-2021 Funding :WMPA - World Bank Project management :Agrisud, WCA (Wildlife Conservation Association) Partnerships :WCA (Wildlife Conservation Association), CLL (Creative Literacy Laos) and Anoulak project
Enhancing Nutrition of Upland Farming Families (ENUFF) in Oudomxay and Huaphan provinces
Laos launched its National Nutrition Plan for populations living in isolated mountainous areas where undernutrition still persists.
It is a complex task that requires action on multiple levels and long-term interventions for effective and sustainable results. Agrisud in collaboration with the Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation and the Netherlands Development Organisation (SNV) engages in an innovative and dynamic project by means of an integrated approach that links agriculture with nutrition.
Project ENUFF (Enhancing Nutrition for Upland Farming Families) is implemented in 40 mountainous villages. The agricultural aspect of the project has been taken over by Agrisud. Its goal is to improve agricultural techniques thanks to agroecology, to diversify crops and establish marketing sectors. Access to healthy and adequate food is one of the main factors that improve nutrition in Laos.
Expected results:4,000 agricultural VSB supported in 40 villages of 2 provinces: Oudomxay (Beng and Nga districts) and Huaphan (Viengxai and Xiengkhor districts), strengthening of local organizations Budget :€ 1,100,000 (agricultural component) over 2016-2020 Funding :SNV (Netherlands Development Organisation) / SDC (Swiss Cooperation for Development and Cooperation), France Volontaires Project management :Agrisud, SNV (Netherlands Development Organisation) Partnerships :SNV (Netherlands Development Organisation)
Learning cycle promoting good agroecological practices
Agrisud has a constant focus on boosting the action capacities of NGOs, organizations, professional groups, and also those of its own projects’ teams. Transfers of skills are made via « learning cycles ».
Promoting agroecological practices
Based on the “Agroecology in Practice” guide (Agrisud, 2010), this course helps participants learn these practices. It is based on transferring methods and tools to:
- Understand agroecology and its economic, social and environmental dimensions;
- Understand the sustainable management of a farming system;
- Analyze the context of operation and identify the appropriate agroecological practices;
- Be able to spread these practices.
Expected results:21 Laotian attendees from the decentralized departments of agriculture and health (PAFO / DAFO, PHO) - Provinces: Oudomxay (Nga and Baeng districts) and Huaphan (Viengxay and Xiengkho) trained in good agroecological practices, a monitoring mechanism. Budget :€19,000 in 2016 Funding :Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation (SDC) Project management :Agrisud International Partnerships :Netherlands Development Organisation (SNV)
Forestry and agroecology in the mountains of northern Laos (FORAE I) – Luang Prabang Province
After a first successful operation between 2009 and 2012, the goal of this project is to keep fighting against the poverty of people living in the mountains in northern Laos. For that purpose, the natural resources have to be rehabilitated, safeguarded and valued (water, soil, biodiversity).
The project will also adapt to climate change and mitigate its consequences (agricultural systems’ resilience, reduction of greenhouse gas emission and carbon sequestration).
Expected results:550 VSE Budget :€877,000 over 2015-2018 Funding :AFD (French Development Agency), Swiss Philanthropy Foundation, Fondation Ensemble, France Volontaires, MAEDI, WFP, IFAID Project management :Agrisud (leader) and Nitidae Partnerships :Nitidae, SAEDA (Sustainable Agriculture & Environment Development Association), Lao women Union, PAFO (Provincial Agriculture & Forestry Office Luang Prabang), DAFO, Viengkham District
Food Security for women and poor families of the Viengkham district, Luang Prabang Province
Expected results:508 agricultural VSEs supported in 25 villages, action on drinking water, nutrition and land management in 10 villages. Capitalization work in 2012 Budget :€519,000 over 2009-2012 Funding :the European Union, the French Foreign Affairs Ministry / France Volontaires and Agrisud Project management :AGRISUD. Partnerships :PAFO - Provincial Agriculture & Forestry Office Luang Prabang, IRD / CIFOR-NAFRI and France Volontaires