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Holistic conservation program (PHCF – Phase II) — Comatsa and Beampingaratsy areas

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Madagascar has a great biodiversity but its natural capital is threatened by deforestation, about 0,53% per year. 50,000 hectares of its natural forest disappears every year.

The aim of the Holistic conservation program (or PHCF in French) is to reduce the rhythm of deforestation.

For this purpose it uses two strategies: on one hand, it raises the awareness of local populations on the decentralized management of environment and on the other hand, it promotes activities and alternative techniques rather than slash-and-burn farming and collecting forest resources.

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Peri-urban farming supply chain professionalization in Northern Antananarivo (PROFAPAN)

Pepienere madaThis project falls in line with previous projects, which have been led by Agrisud since 2008 in Antananarivo’s suburbs. They highlighted the importance of periurban agriculture, supplying food for Antananarivo and creating jobs and income. They identified a great potential for the development of systems, assets but also technical, economic, structural and environmental constraints specific to this sector.

On the other hand, the Malagasy Intercooperation Association (AIM) collaborated with the economic actors of the Analamanga Region, as part of the establishment of Agricultural Service Centers (2008-2010), and the Regional Fund for Agricultural Development (2011-2013). The two organizations professionnalisation de la commercialisation de produits agro-écologiques à Antananarivo, Madagascarshare their knowledge, skills and know-how in order to develop and implement the project.

 

Overall goals: to sustainably contribute to the fight against poverty in the city’s suburbs and to protect the environment.

Specific goals: to sustainably improve the periurban producers’ and traders’ income as well as the people's access to a regular supply (in quantity, quality and diversity) in fresh produces, fruits and farm chickens, sold on the local markets.

 

 

Three complementary lines of action will improve the supply of the city’s markets, in a chain-based approach:

 

  • Professionalization of the production through the dissemination of agroecological systems and practices to ensure an improvement in production:
    - in quantity (increasing productivity and ecological intensification systems)
    - in quality (improving the products’ life span, reducing the pesticide residues, organoleptic quality)
    - in diversity (diversification within highly specialized production areas)
    - in regularity (seasonal adjustment of production by the use of varieties and appropriate methods: varieties adapted to photoperiod, tolerant/resistant, protected crops ...)

 

  • Professionalization of marketing:
    - by supporting the local project management in regard to infrastructure and / or organizing peripheral markets (Talatamaty, Anosizato, Sabotsy-Namehana...),
    - by professionalizing pro-active collectors on short supply chains. The most favored supply chains will ensure the maintenance of the periurban production: freshness, traceability, reduction of losses (less handling, improved packaging and transport conditions)

 

  • Building and developing a range of services supported by Producers’ Organizations (PO): the challenge is to facilitate the producer’s access to agricultural services and markets.
    The action builds the capacity of PO in order to meet these expectations:
    - producers’ needs diagnosis in connection with the production and marketing systems
    - building capacity and structuration of farmers and producers groups
    - PO professionalization (Consolidating their operation, governing and strengthening their technical capacity to provide quality services and meet the producers’ expectations).

 

Learn more about the Agroforestry Support Program around Antananarivo (ASA) : (French video)

 

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Learning cycle “Management advice for VSB (Very Small Business)”

Agrisud International continuously strives to help strengthen the NGO response capabilities, associations, professional groups, but also those of its own teams. Transfers of know-how can take place through the implementation of "learning cycles".

 

Formation conseil gestion TPELearning cycle  “Management advice for VSB (Very Small Business)”

From the guide "Managing Advice for family farm VSB" (Agrisud, 2015), this cycle is for local advisors assisting farmers or professional agricultural organizations. It is based on the transfer of methodologies and tools:

  • to know advice's overall approach and its variations
  • to know basic agro-economic concepts
  • to identify performance indicators (VSB) and environment's key information
  • to understand data collection and processing tools related to VSB results and environment development
  • to be able to realize an analysis of VSB results taking into account the environment
  • to be able to advise a VSB (sharing observations and follow-up)

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Kolorano Program: Integrated Water Resources Management (IWRM) / Phase 2 – Haute-Matsiatra

kolorano-agrisud-madagascar-2017In order not to compromise the investments made in terms of drinking water distribution system by the various projects implemented within the framework of the cooperation between the Metropolis of Lyon and the Haute-Matsiatra Region, the multi-actor approach to IWRM* should prevent / reduce conflicts of use and contribute to achieve the overall objective of the Kolorano program: balancing water security and food security of populations on watersheds of intervention.

The encouraging results of the pilot project in the Zambazamba watershed (2014-2016) led to the continuation of supporting it and to replicate the IWRM approach in 9 new watersheds in the Haute Matsiatra region.

The implementation of Kolorano program’s activities is organized around five areas of intervention:

 

  • Improve municipal governance in agricultural and forestry management;
  • Development of watershed management schemes;
  • Protect water resources upstream from catchments;
  • Improve the productivity of water downstream of the catchments;
  • Measure the impact of the program.

 

 

*Integrated Water Resources Management

 

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Improvement of Food security – Itasy region

Projet d'amélioration de la sécurité nutritionnelle, région Itasy (Madagascar)

The agricultural potential of the Itasy Region (Malagasy Hauts-Plateaux) is important but encounters many weaknesses and the poverty rate is high. Agrisud has been working since 2008 to reduce these weaknesses, with significant results in terms of improving production and income for 3,000 families.

We note, however, that the improvement in the income of these families is not necessarily accompanied by an improvement in diet, with eating habits that change little and a worrying nutritional and health situation that affects the most vulnerable groups, in particular. especially children whose chronic malnutrition rate is 62% for children under 5 years of age.

As part of a partnership with the Bel Foundation, the project combines agricultural development activities with activities aimed at improving nutrition and hygiene, relying on a specific approach already implemented by Agrisud on other projects: the LANN method (Linking Agriculture, Natural resources management and Nutrition).

This method uses the community approach for the implementation of nutrition activities based both on improving agriculture, natural resource management and capacity building of women, and making the link between them. . It is accompanied by a nutrition guide which provides the tools necessary to conduct an effective diagnosis and appropriate awareness-raising and training actions to sustainably improve the nutritional situation of families.

The project aims to adapt this approach to the Itasy Region in partnership with the Regional Office for Nutrition, in order to sustainably improve the nutritional security of families by facilitating the development of food and nutrition strategies at household and community level.

With the support of the Bel Foundation, Agrisud's ambition is to give a significant dimension to the approach, ensuring a spin-off effect among the populations.

To date in 2019: 60 mothers of children under 2 suffering from malnutrition have committed to the LANN approach with Agrisud and the Bel Foundation. After 2 years of support, the majority of children have emerged from malnutrition.

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Mahavotra II: Forestry, Agroforestry and Land-Use Planning – Itasy Region

Mahavotra 2 : foresterie, agroforesterie et aménagement du territoire en Région Itasy

Located on the high plateaus near the capital Antananarivo, the Itasy region is characterized by heavily degraded agricultural areas, with frequent erosion and constantly shrinking forests.

The economic and social consequences are important for a population which tends to abandon these rural spaces to migrate to urban centers.

In this context, the Mahavotra program aims to professionalize agriculture and ecological transition as a lever for sustainable development in the Region.

It is part of a decentralized cooperation framework between the Nouvelle-Aquitaine Region and the Itasy Region, focusing on several axes:

  • territory-to-territory cooperation
  • agricultural vocational training
  • development and enhancement of agricultural areas
  • reduction of the environmental footprint

More than 6,000 small family farms are supported in the ecological transition, the evolution towards agro-ecological practices allowing them to adapt to the constraints of the environment. The “Regional Center for Agricultural Training” and the networks of “Master-farmers” contribute to the spread of these good practices in the municipalities of the territory. The Itasy Region is strengthened in its capacity to manage and plan its territorial development; it can measure the effects on the natural environment.

After 10 years, this program has real effects on food security, employment and the improvement of living conditions of the populations, as well as on the preservation and resilience of the territories, leading to a stabilization of the populations. It contributes to the Sustainable Development Goals.

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TALAKY: Ecosystems preservation and improvement of the living conditions of populations living near the Beampingaratsy forest massif

conservation-valorisation-forêts-intensification-diversification-écologique-agriculture

The Beampingaratsy forest corridor in the Anôsy region in the south-east of Madagascar is subject to heavy deforestation which contributes to climate change. Inappropriate agricultural practices on deforestation fronts lead to rapid soil degradation and impact the ability of populations to live decently on their land.

Implemented by the NGOs Nitidæ and Agrisud International, the project aims to combine forest conservation, agricultural development and diversification and the strengthening of the management capacities of local territorial communities to allow the preservation of natural ecosystems and the restoration of soil fertility and the emergence of sustainable development visions.

As part of this project, Agrisud intervenes to support the development of sustainable alternatives to shifting agricultural systems and the exploitation of forest resources capable of meeting the needs of the populations. The actions relate to three complementary levels:

  • Support for local communities in the development and enhancement of watersheds.
  • Support for farmers in agro-ecological intensification and agricultural diversification.
  • Support for the emergence of a local and adapted agricultural service offer.

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Project to Improve Agricultural Productivity in Madagascar (PAPAM) – Vakinankaratra

PAPAM - Vak

This project, led by the Malagasy Ministry of Agriculture, Livestock and Fisheries (MAEP) and co-financed by AFD, aims to promote a common vision of agroecology at the regional level by building the capacities of stakeholders local, and in particular for the Regional Directorates of Agriculture, Livestock and Fisheries (DRAEP).

Based on a regional agroecological diagnosis carried out beforehand, the project works with groups of producers to set up demonstration sites on sustainable agricultural practices and land development. Proximity Service Providers (PSP) are strengthened in their capacities to transmit their skills and provide local services.

Strong coordination is planned with the Regional Agricultural Development Funds (FDAR) in order to disseminate the achievements of the project on a larger scale: better access to agricultural services for producers, strengthening of the resilience and economic and technical performance of farms. , improvement of productivity thanks to the development of watershed and irrigated perimeter approaches.

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Project to Improve Agricultural Productivity in Madagascar (PAPAM) – Vatovavy-Fitonvinany & Atsimo-Atsinanana

PAPAM Sud-Est

This project, led by the Malagasy Ministry of Agriculture, Livestock and Fisheries (MAEP) and co-financed by AFD, aims to promote a common vision of agroecology at the regional level by building the capacities of stakeholders local, and in particular for the Regional Directorates of Agriculture, Livestock and Fisheries (DRAEP).

Based on a regional agroecological diagnosis carried out beforehand, the project works with groups of producers to set up demonstration sites on sustainable agricultural practices and land development. Proximity Service Providers (PSP) are strengthened in their capacities to transmit their skills and provide local services.

Strong coordination is planned with the Regional Agricultural Development Funds (FDAR) in order to disseminate the achievements of the project on a larger scale: better access to agricultural services for producers, strengthening of the resilience and economic and technical performance of farms. , improvement of productivity thanks to the development of watershed and irrigated perimeter approaches.

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Mahavotra III : Forestry, Agroforestry and Land-Use Planning – Itasy Region

Mahavotra 3 : foresterie, agroforesterie et aménagement du territoire, région Itasy, Madagascar

Context

The Itasy region where the project operates is marked by its agricultural vocation and the proximity of the capital, which allows producers to benefit from numerous outlets. Despite everything, this sector is faced with several problems, including: high volatility in the prices of market garden products linked to production systems centered on rice cultivation; unstable business relationships due to opportunistic and individualistic behavior; and a vulnerability of the natural environment which manifests itself in particular by significant erosion phenomena and therefore a loss of cultivable land.

It is in this context that since 2008 Agrisud International has been supporting the Itasy Region in identifying and implementing solutions to these problems. A collaboration which is part of the Aquitaine-Itasy decentralized cooperation, mobilizing co-financing from AFD and which led to the completion of a 1st phase of the Mahavotra project from 2011 to 2015 then a 2nd phase from 2015 to 2019 continues today with this 3rd phase (2019-2020), integrated into the AGRITER program.

Project's goals

The project aims to develop agriculture through a global restoration of the agro-ecological environment, made possible through the mobilization and strengthening of a local network of service providers and the development of developed land. It also acts to improve the added value of agricultural production by supporting the CRFPA's incubator of agro-processing companies. It incorporates a strengthening of local authorities in their planning and territorial management capacities, so that they can guide regional development actors, in particular by relaying actions to leverage the service system reinforced by the project.

Learn more about the AGRITER program

 

 

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