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Professionalizing agriculture — Itasy region
The Itasy Region, close to Antananarivo, has a great farming potential but the production is still limited and threatened by the farmers’ low technical and management skills and also by a natural fragile environment.
Thanks to the project, 2000 farmers are receiving technical and economical reinforcement in order to professionalize their activities in production, management and marketing.
Expected results:2,000 agricultural VSB (Very Small Businesses) supported in 10 municipalities, one training center created. Budget :€773,000 over 2008-2016 Funding :Aquitaine’s Regional Council, Foundation Enterprise and Solidarity, FIDA ( International Fund for Agricultural Development) and Agrisud Project management :Agrisud. Partnerships :Ilofosana.
Evaluation of the farms’ carbon footprint in the Itasy project
If small family farms adopt agroecology it could be a real solution to lower the agricultural carbon footprint. However, the workings of the agricultural systems are complex and there is a lack of reference when considering specific emission standards in Madagascar, therefore, it is difficult to measure specifically environmental advantages.
The project’s goal is to set up a method to evaluate the farms’ carbon footprint. It will identify the emission standards specific to the Region’s agricultural system.
Expected results:Measurement of the carbon footprint of the different farming models proposed in the Itasy project Budget :€24,000 over 2010-2012. Funding :Veolia Environnement. Project management :Agrisud. Partnerships :Veolia Environment, IRD - Institute of Research for Development, UMR Eco&Sol, LRI – Laboratory of Radioisotopes from Antananarivo’s University, GoodPlanet – and Etc Terra.
Agroforestry and forestry farming systems — Itasy region
The farming areas of the Itasy Region are located in the Central Highlands, near Antananarivo, the Capital city. They are significantly deteriorated: erosions are frequent and forests are disappearing.
The Region’s farmers’ production systems are declining; therefore the project’s aim is to follow their evolution so they can be sustainable and last in time. It should also estimate the impact of implemented agroecological and forestry practices on climate change.
Expected results:1,200 agricultural VSB (Very Small Businesses) supported, carbon footprint evaluation. Budget :€1,009,000 over 2011-2016. Funding :AFD (Agence Française de Développement), Stars Services and Aquitaine’s Regional Council. Project management :GoodPlanet Foundation, Etc Terra and Agrisud Partnerships :Etc Terra, AMADESE (Malagasy Association for the Economic, Social and Environmental Development), IRD-LRI and IOGA (Antananarivo’s Institute and Observatory of Geophysics).
Support to income-generating activities – Hauts-Plateaux
De nombreuses organisations locales contribuent au développement Agricole à Madagascar. Elles se caractérisent par une grande hétérogénéité en termes d’échelles d’intervention, de cibles, de secteurs d’activité, et de professionnalisme.
Le projet propose une démarche de renforcement individualisé de 60 organisations (ONG, coopératives, Associations de producteurs), afin qu’elles disposent à la fois de bases de gouvernances solides, de méthodes et techniques d’intervention pertinents, et d’une reconnaissance de leurs capacités d’intervention.
Expected results:60 Malagasy organizations reinforced in order to promote and support income-generating activities in rural areas Budget :€604,000 over 2012-2016 Funding :European Union, Agrisud, CITE, Caritas, CEAS Project management :Agrisud. Partnerships :CITE.
Management of Zambazamba’s watershed’s integrated water resources
In Madagascar, even if the Water Code stipulates that clean drinking water is a priority compared to agricultural water, it is however the opposite that happens to ensure rice production and food security.
Because of these tensions over the use of water, the project aims to reduce the impact of farming, forestry and pastoral activities on the water resource in the Nasandratrony commune, specifically in Zambazamba’s watershed.
It will be the source of drinking water for the district’s main town.
Expected results:50 VSB (Very Small Businesses) - A protected watershed; more water upstream and an economic use of water resources downstream through the spread of an intensive and improved rice system concerning 50 farmers. Measurement of the impact of agricultural practices on water. Budget :€42,000 over 2014-2016. Funding :The French Water Agency of Rhône-Méditerrannée-Corse, Madagascar’s French Embassy and The Grand Lyon Project management :Etc Terra (leader) and Agrisud. Partnerships :Grand Lyon, Haute Matsiatra Region
Holistic conservation program (PHCF – Phase II) — Comatsa and Beampingaratsy areas
Madagascar has a great biodiversity but its natural capital is threatened by deforestation, about 0,53% per year. 50,000 hectares of its natural forest disappears every year.
The aim of the Holistic conservation program (or PHCF in French) is to reduce the rhythm of deforestation.
For this purpose it uses two strategies: on one hand, it raises the awareness of local populations on the decentralized management of environment and on the other hand, it promotes activities and alternative techniques rather than slash-and-burn farming and collecting forest resources.
Expected results:1.350 VSB (Very Small Businesses) - Support for populations neighboring two REDD+ projects (Reduction of Emissions from Deforestation and Degradation of Forests) to develop alternative activities and practices to slash- and-burn farming Budget :€1,230,000 over 2014-2018 Funding :The French Agency for Development (AFD) – FFEM and Air France Project management :Etc Terra (contracting authority and leader) and Agrisud. Partnerships :WWF, Antananarivo University.
Peri-urban farming supply chain professionalization in Northern Antananarivo (PROFAPAN)
This project falls in line with previous projects, which have been led by Agrisud since 2008 in Antananarivo’s suburbs. They highlighted the importance of periurban agriculture, supplying food for Antananarivo and creating jobs and income. They identified a great potential for the development of systems, assets but also technical, economic, structural and environmental constraints specific to this sector.
On the other hand, the Malagasy Intercooperation Association (AIM) collaborated with the economic actors of the Analamanga Region, as part of the establishment of Agricultural Service Centers (2008-2010), and the Regional Fund for Agricultural Development (2011-2013). The two organizations share their knowledge, skills and know-how in order to develop and implement the project.
Overall goals: to sustainably contribute to the fight against poverty in the city’s suburbs and to protect the environment.
Specific goals: to sustainably improve the periurban producers’ and traders’ income as well as the people's access to a regular supply (in quantity, quality and diversity) in fresh produces, fruits and farm chickens, sold on the local markets.
Three complementary lines of action will improve the supply of the city’s markets, in a chain-based approach:
- Professionalization of the production through the dissemination of agroecological systems and practices to ensure an improvement in production:
- in quantity (increasing productivity and ecological intensification systems)
- in quality (improving the products’ life span, reducing the pesticide residues, organoleptic quality)
- in diversity (diversification within highly specialized production areas)
- in regularity (seasonal adjustment of production by the use of varieties and appropriate methods: varieties adapted to photoperiod, tolerant/resistant, protected crops ...)
- Professionalization of marketing:
- by supporting the local project management in regard to infrastructure and / or organizing peripheral markets (Talatamaty, Anosizato, Sabotsy-Namehana...),
- by professionalizing pro-active collectors on short supply chains. The most favored supply chains will ensure the maintenance of the periurban production: freshness, traceability, reduction of losses (less handling, improved packaging and transport conditions)
- Building and developing a range of services supported by Producers’ Organizations (PO): the challenge is to facilitate the producer’s access to agricultural services and markets.
The action builds the capacity of PO in order to meet these expectations:
- producers’ needs diagnosis in connection with the production and marketing systems
- building capacity and structuration of farmers and producers groups
- PO professionalization (Consolidating their operation, governing and strengthening their technical capacity to provide quality services and meet the producers’ expectations).
Learn more about the Agroforestry Support Program around Antananarivo (ASA) : (French video)
Expected results:5,000 periurban producers around Antananarivo Budget :€1,740,000 over 2015-2019 Funding :European Union, Ecological center Albert Schweitzer (CEAS), municipalities benefiting from the project Project management :Agrisud Partnerships :AIM (Association Intercoopérations Madagascar), CIRAD, MPE
Kolorano Program: Integrated Water Resources Management (IWRM) / Phase 2 – Haute-Matsiatra
In order not to compromise the investments made in terms of drinking water distribution system by the various projects implemented within the framework of the cooperation between the Metropolis of Lyon and the Haute-Matsiatra Region, the multi-actor approach to IWRM* should prevent / reduce conflicts of use and contribute to achieve the overall objective of the Kolorano program: balancing water security and food security of populations on watersheds of intervention.
The encouraging results of the pilot project in the Zambazamba watershed (2014-2016) led to the continuation of supporting it and to replicate the IWRM approach in 9 new watersheds in the Haute Matsiatra region.
The implementation of Kolorano program’s activities is organized around five areas of intervention:
- Improve municipal governance in agricultural and forestry management;
- Development of watershed management schemes;
- Protect water resources upstream from catchments;
- Improve the productivity of water downstream of the catchments;
- Measure the impact of the program.
*Integrated Water Resources Management
Expected results:550 VSE (Very Small Entreprise) Budget :€ 459,000 over 2016-2021 Funding :Wather Agency Rhône-Méditerranée-Corse, Metropolis of Lyon Project management :Agrisud, Nitidæ Partnerships :Lyon Metropolis, Haute-Matsiatra Region, Nitidæ
Improvement of Food security – Itasy region
The agricultural potential of the Itasy Region (Malagasy Hauts-Plateaux) is important but encounters many weaknesses and the poverty rate is high. Agrisud has been working since 2008 to reduce these weaknesses, with significant results in terms of improving production and income for 3,000 families.
We note, however, that the improvement in the income of these families is not necessarily accompanied by an improvement in diet, with eating habits that change little and a worrying nutritional and health situation that affects the most vulnerable groups, in particular. especially children whose chronic malnutrition rate is 62% for children under 5 years of age.
As part of a partnership with the Bel Foundation, the project combines agricultural development activities with activities aimed at improving nutrition and hygiene, relying on a specific approach already implemented by Agrisud on other projects: the LANN method (Linking Agriculture, Natural resources management and Nutrition).
This method uses the community approach for the implementation of nutrition activities based both on improving agriculture, natural resource management and capacity building of women, and making the link between them. . It is accompanied by a nutrition guide which provides the tools necessary to conduct an effective diagnosis and appropriate awareness-raising and training actions to sustainably improve the nutritional situation of families.
The project aims to adapt this approach to the Itasy Region in partnership with the Regional Office for Nutrition, in order to sustainably improve the nutritional security of families by facilitating the development of food and nutrition strategies at household and community level.
With the support of the Bel Foundation, Agrisud's ambition is to give a significant dimension to the approach, ensuring a spin-off effect among the populations.
To date in 2019: 60 mothers of children under 2 suffering from malnutrition have committed to the LANN approach with Agrisud and the Bel Foundation. After 2 years of support, the majority of children have emerged from malnutrition.
Expected results:940 families et 3,760 children concerned Budget :€74,000 over 2017-2020 Funding :Bel Foundation, Mahavotra project Project management :Agrisud Partnerships :Malagasy Regional Office for Nutrition, SAF-FJLM, ARIF
Mahavotra II: Forestry, Agroforestry and Land-Use Planning – Itasy Region
Located on the high plateaus near the capital Antananarivo, the Itasy region is characterized by heavily degraded agricultural areas, with frequent erosion and constantly shrinking forests.
The economic and social consequences are important for a population which tends to abandon these rural spaces to migrate to urban centers.
In this context, the Mahavotra program aims to professionalize agriculture and ecological transition as a lever for sustainable development in the Region.
It is part of a decentralized cooperation framework between the Nouvelle-Aquitaine Region and the Itasy Region, focusing on several axes:
- territory-to-territory cooperation
- agricultural vocational training
- development and enhancement of agricultural areas
- reduction of the environmental footprint
More than 6,000 small family farms are supported in the ecological transition, the evolution towards agro-ecological practices allowing them to adapt to the constraints of the environment. The “Regional Center for Agricultural Training” and the networks of “Master-farmers” contribute to the spread of these good practices in the municipalities of the territory. The Itasy Region is strengthened in its capacity to manage and plan its territorial development; it can measure the effects on the natural environment.
After 10 years, this program has real effects on food security, employment and the improvement of living conditions of the populations, as well as on the preservation and resilience of the territories, leading to a stabilization of the populations. It contributes to the Sustainable Development Goals.
Expected results:2 000 families, 300 Master-operators, 20 VSEs out of 15 communes Budget :K€ 1,190 over 2016-2019 Funding :AFD, Nouvelle-Aquitaine Region, CEAS, IFAID, BNPP Project management :Agrisud International Partnerships :AMADESE, CEAS, Etc Terra, IFAID, Ilofosana, Nouvelle-Aquitaine Region