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ANAMAY Initiative: Waste management in rural areas – Viengkham District
In Laos, solid waste management is a growing problem in both urban and rural areas. Solid waste is increasingly made up of plastic and especially thermoplastics (polyethylene bags, bottles, etc.), mainly from the food industry, and purchased by households in small village grocery stores that only offer products in small containers.
While the government and development partners are paying more and more attention to improving waste management in urban and peri-urban areas, rural areas are being neglected because they are considered less waste-producing. However, the proliferation of plastics also affects rural communities in terms of health and pollution of natural resources, as they do not have any management and recycling infrastructure.
In many villages, people dump their garbage in rivers or ravines polluting and contaminating water resources. Others burn them near fireplaces without protecting themselves from the toxic fumes they give off. The soils near the villages are strewn with plastic waste which will take more than 400 years to decompose, leaving a thorny problem to be solved for future generations.
Viengkham District: an experimental laboratory
As part of the "ANAMAY Initiative" project, the entire village population of 11 target villages in the Viengkham District (Province of Luang Prabang), that is to say 970 households (5,761 people, including 2,884 women) will be directly concerned by actions aimed at reducing the production of plastic waste, through the realization of awareness sessions in villages and schools, the establishment of a supply network for products sold in bulk and in recyclable containers, as well as the implementation of garbage management plans with village development committees as part of their local development plans.
Around 1,700 students from 16 schools (11 primary schools and 6 colleges) will also be affected thanks to an adaptation of the program for young people and school micro-projects to be set up for better waste management in their schools and villages.
Expected results :
- Result 1: An awareness and information program adapted to communities
- Result 2: An awareness and action program adapted to the school public is built and implemented with teachers and the district education office
- Result 3: The conditions are met for the establishment of a bulk product sales network in the target villages
- Result 4: Each target village implements its sanitation plan for better management of household waste by the communities
- Result 5: The feedback from experiences in the Viengkham District and on the projects of other partners are capitalized and available to all
- Result 6: The Initiative is promoted and implemented on a larger scale by all the partners concerned
Expected results:11 targeted-villages in Viengkham District (Luang Prabang Province), 970 families (5,761 people, including 2,884 women) Budget :150,700 € over 24 months (beginning in August 2020) Funding :Mairie de Paris and Agence Française de Développement (AFD) Project management :Agrisud International Partnerships :The Viengkham District Environment and Natural Resources Office; the District Education and Sports Office; the local civil society association Xhon Phao Disabled Working Group.