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Reinforcement of municipal expertise in remodeling unhealthy zones in Abidjan and Cotonou

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Cotonou and Abidjan suffer from unhealthy intra-urban areas and are having trouble developing sustainably. Therefore, the goal is to enhance the municipal teams’ and their partners’ know-how on urban planning so they can apply it to two pilot locations in each city. The methods and tools used are capitalized and transferred to other municipal teams in Benin, Ivory Coast and the sub-region.

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Promotion of sustainable peri-urban agriculture in 5 pilot towns — Abidjan

Historically, Abidjan’s urban and periurban agriculture has always been dynamic. However, it is facing some challenges. The low soil fertility, the depletion and pollution of water resources and the rise of parasites pressure are jeopardizing farming activities that could create income for thousands of families.

This pilot project’s goal is to reinforce the agroecological skills of 25 farming technicians from 15 Ivory professional organizations and NGOs. It supports the creation of a network uniting 90 pilot market gardeners.

They will be able to spread practices and systems to 500 other farmers in Abidjan’s 10 different production sites in 5 towns.

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Farm Development and Investment Program in Gabon (PRODIAG)

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Agricultural development is one of the foundations of the Gabonese economy. PRODIAG is a pillar in this context of emergence and follows upon IGAD’s* project to support the development of outer-urban farming implemented these last years.

The aim is to keep experimenting and spreading adapted and sustainable technical solutions responding to local markets’ needs in Gabon’s nine provinces.

 

*Gabonese Institute for Development

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Local skills center in agroecology – Cacheu and Bafata regions

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SWISSAID supports family farms and professional organizations in Guinea-Bissau to implement their agricultural activities. In order to develop these activities, SWISSAID wishes to set up a local skills center in agroecology.

Agrisud supports SWISSAID in this initiative carrying out training and follow-up activities with about 20 members from this hub.

 

The expected benefits of this collaboration are at two levels:

 

  • producers: by providing concrete answers to the problems they encounter in the implementation of their market-gardening activities, and especially issues concerning the protection of soil fertility, water resources and pest pressure;
  • SWISSAID and its partners: by supporting them to establish a skills development center in agroecology for efficient crop and livestock systems, also well adapted to the region context.

 

Learning cycle « Management advice for sustainable agriculture »

This cycle was designed especially for the project's needs based on both guides « Agroecology in Practice » (Agrisud, 2010) and « Managing Advice for family farms (VSB) » (Agrisud, 2015). It is addressed to the teams / partners who support farmers and professional agricultural organizations.

It is based on the transfer of methodologies and tools:

 

  • understand the farming operation and how it works;
  • understand agroecology and its economic, social and environmental dimensions;
  • understand the principles of sustainable management of an agrosystem;
  • analyze an intervention situation, identify appropriate agro-ecological practices;
  • knowledge of basic agro-economic concepts;
  • identify outcome indicators;
  • collect and process data related to company results and environmental changes;
  • be able to advise a company (observations, follow-up of recommendations and analysis of the results taking into account the environment).

 

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Professionalizing agriculture — Itasy region

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The Itasy Region, close to Antananarivo, has a great farming potential but the production is still limited and threatened by the farmers’ low technical and management skills and also by a natural fragile environment.

Thanks to the project, 2000 farmers are receiving technical and economical reinforcement in order to professionalize their activities in production, management and marketing.

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Agroforestry and forestry farming systems — Itasy region

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The farming areas of the Itasy Region are located in the Central Highlands, near Antananarivo, the Capital city. They are significantly deteriorated: erosions are frequent and forests are disappearing.

The Region’s farmers’ production systems are declining; therefore the project’s aim is to follow their evolution so they can be sustainable and last in time. It should also estimate the impact of implemented agroecological and forestry practices on climate change.

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Support to income-generating activities – Hauts-Plateaux

29madaDe nombreuses organisations locales contribuent au développement Agricole à Madagascar. Elles se caractérisent par une grande hétérogénéité en termes d’échelles d’intervention, de cibles, de secteurs d’activité, et de professionnalisme.

Le projet propose une démarche de renforcement individualisé de 60 organisations (ONG, coopératives, Associations de producteurs), afin qu’elles disposent à la fois de bases de gouvernances solides, de méthodes et techniques d’intervention pertinents, et d’une reconnaissance de leurs capacités d’intervention.

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Management of Zambazamba’s watershed’s integrated water resources

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In Madagascar, even if the Water Code stipulates that clean drinking water is a priority compared to agricultural water, it is however the opposite that happens to ensure rice production and food security.

Because of these tensions over the use of water, the project aims to reduce the impact of farming, forestry and pastoral activities on the water resource in the Nasandratrony commune, specifically in Zambazamba’s watershed.

It will be the source of drinking water for the district’s main town.

Watch the video of the projet

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Holistic conservation program (PHCF – Phase II) — Comatsa and Beampingaratsi areas

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Madagascar has a great biodiversity but its natural capital is threatened by deforestation, about 0,53% per year. 50,000 hectares of its natural forest disappears every year.

The aim of the Holistic conservation program (or PHCF in French) is to reduce the rhythm of deforestation.

For this purpose it uses two strategies: on one hand, it raises the awareness of local populations on the decentralized management of environment and on the other hand, it promotes activities and alternative techniques rather than slash-and-burn farming and collecting forest resources.

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Peri-urban farming supplybchain professionalization — Northern Antananarivo

Pepienere madaThis project falls in line with previous projects, which have been led by Agrisud since 2008 in Antananarivo’s suburbs. They highlighted the importance of periurban agriculture, supplying food for Antananarivo and creating jobs and income. They identified a great potential for the development of systems, assets but also technical, economic, structural and environmental constraints specific to this sector. On the other hand, the Malagasy Intercooperation Association (AIM) collaborated with the economic actors of the Analamanga Region, as part of the establishment of Agricultural Service Centers (2008-2010), and the Regional Fund for Agricultural Development (2011-2013). The two organizations share their knowledge, skills and know-how in order to develop and implement the project.

The overall goals are to sustainably contribute to the fight against poverty in the city’s suburbs and to protect the environment.

The specific goals are to sustainably improve the periurban producers’ and traders’ income as well as the people's access to a regular supply (in quantity, quality and diversity) in fresh produces, fruits and farm chickens, sold on the local markets.

Three complementary lines of action will improve the supply of the city’s markets, in a chain-based approach:

  • Professionalization of the production: through the dissemination of agro-ecological systems and practices to ensure an improvement in production: in quantity (increasing productivity and ecological intensification systems); in quality (improving the products’ life span, reducing the pesticide residues, organoleptic quality), in diversity (diversification within highly specialized production areas) and in regularity (seasonal adjustment of production by the use of varieties and appropriate methods: varieties adapted to photoperiod, tolerant / resistant, protected crops ...)
  • Professionalization of marketing; i) by supporting the local project management in regard to infrastructure and / or organizing peripheral markets (Talatamaty, Anosizato, Sabotsy-Namehana...), ii) by professionalizing pro-active collectors on short supply chains. The most favored supply chains will ensure the maintenance of the periurban production: freshness, traceability, reduction of losses (less handling, improved packaging and transport conditions);
  • Building and developing a range of services supported by Producers’ Organizations (PO): the challenge is to facilitate the producer’s access to agricultural services and markets. The action builds the capacity of PO in order to meet these expectations i) the diagnosis of producers’ needs in connection with the system of production and marketing systems, ii) the capacity building and structuring of groups of farmers and producers, iii) the professionalization of PO (Consolidating their operation, governing and strengthening their technical capacity to provide quality services and meet the producers’ expectations).

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